University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

Greenewalt, Crawford H., Jr., Ph.D.

Crawford H. Greenewalt, Jr., Ph.D.
Past Secretary
Louis J. Kolb Society of Fellows, Penn Museum
Professor, Department of Classics, UC Berkeley

Crawford H. Greenewalt, Jr., served as the secretary of the Kolb Society of Fellows from 2000 until his death in May 2012. He received his B.A. from Harvard in 1959, and his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1966. That year he joined the Classics Department of University of California at Berkeley. As a professor he was an integral part of the Graduate Group in Ancient History and Mediterranean Archaeology. He was also a longtime curator of Mediterranean archaeology at the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology. Dr. Greenewalt was honored by the American Philosophical Society in 1993 with the Henry Allen Moe Prize in Humanities. He also received honorific memberships in the German Archaeological Institute and the Austrian Archaeological Institute. When he retired from Berkeley in 2010, he received the university’s highest honor, the Berkeley Citation. In the spring of 2012 he received the American Archaeological Institute's esteemed Bandelier Award for Public Service to Archaeology for his personal and scholarly achievements in the field.

Dr. Greenewalt participated for over fifty years in the Sardis Expedition in Turkey, joining in 1959 after graduating from Harvard. He excavated some of Sardis's important finds: the monumental Lydian walls on the acropolis, the burial mound of Karnžyaržk Tepe, and the Pyramid Tomb. Eventually, he became Sardis Expedition’s field director in 1976, focusing on King Croesus and the Archaic period. He also supervised the reinstallation of the Sardis galleries in the nearby Archaeological Museum of Manisa. In addition to Sardis, Dr. Greenwaldt excavated at other Turkish sites including Pitane, Old Smyrna, and Gordion.

Dr. Greenewalt was an expert on Lydian culture. He published extensively on the site of Sardis. His publications include the monograph Ritual Dinners in Early Historic Sardis, University of California Publications: Classical Studies 17, University of California Press,1978; articles “When a Mighty Empire Was Destroyed: The Common Man at the Fall of Sardis, ca. 546 B.C.,” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 136 (1992), 247–271, for which he won the prestigious Henry Allen Moe Prize; (with A.M. Heywood) “A Helmet of the Sixth Century B.C. from Sardis,” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 285 (1992), 1–31; and “Arms and Weapons at Sardis in the Mid 6th Century B.C.” Arkeoloji ve Sanat 79 (1997), 2–11; excavation reports such as The Corinthian, Attic, and Lakonian Pottery from Sardis, Archaeological Exploration of Sardis Monograph 10, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997 (with J.S. Schaeffer and N.H. Ramage). More recently he published City of Sardis: Approaches in Graphic Recording, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Art Museums, 2006. In 2009, Love for Lydia: A Sardis Anniversary Volume Presented to Crawford H. Greenewalt, Jr., Archaeological Exploration of Sardis Report 4, by Nicholas D. Cahill, Elizabeth B. Baughan, Barbara Burrell and Elspeth R. M. Dusinberre, was dedicated in his honor.

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