University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

Tenth Annual Kolb Junior Fellows Spring Colloquium

Several Kolb Junior Fellows will present their dissertation research. Speakers include Darren Ashby, Jamie Sanecki, Jordan Pickett, and Jose Maria Lopez Bejarano. 

2:00 Professor C. Brian Rose, Kolb Society of Fellows Faculty Coordinator

Welcome and Introduction

2:10 Darren Ashby (NELC)

Feeding the Gods: The Material Remains of the ED III Bagara Temple Complex at Tell al-Hiba, ancient Lagash

Darren Ashby Colloquium
The Old Babylonian and ED III remains of the Bagara, looking west

Abstract
Over the course of six seasons between 1968 and 1990 American excavations led by Dr. Donald P. Hansen at Tell al-Hiba in southern Iraq documented widespread evidence for the importance of the ancient city of Lagash during the third and second millennia BCE. Hansen's work in four areas of the site uncovered remains primarily from the Early Dynastic Period (2900–2350 BCE). During this period, the city of Lagash was one of three principal cities in the state of Lagash. In two of these areas, Area A and Area B, Hansen exposed the architectural remains of two temple complexes that date from the Early Dynastic III Period (2600–2350 BCE). In Area A, at the southwest corner of the tell, Hansen recovered three building levels of the Ibgal, a temple oval dedicated to the goddess Inana. The most recent level was built by Enanatum I, the fourth king of the pre-Sargonic Lagash I dynasty. Further north, Hansen's work in Area B exposed two buildings that belonged to the Bagara of Ningirsu, the chief god of the city-state's pantheon. He identified these two structures as a "kitchen temple" and a brewery and suggested that both were dedicated to the support of the god's household and its dependents.

Despite the extent of the excavation and the importance of the findings, the work completed by Hansen and his team has only been partially discussed in a series of preliminary reports. Through the use of archaeological and textual sources, my dissertation research focuses on the similarities and differences between ED III religious architecture at Lagash and other regional centers as well as the material evidence for the production of food and drink in temple contexts. In this paper, I will discuss my ongoing research on the ED III remains of the Bagara of Ningirsu and offer an alternative interpretation for the building Hansen identified as a "kitchen temple."

2:45 Jordan Pickett (AAMW)

Water in Late Antique Ephesus: Temples, Churches, Cisterns And Pipes 

Roman pipes
Ceramic water pipes stacked after excavation in the Upper Agora at Ephesus, one of many such depots found around the ancient city

Abstract
Ceramic water pipes are among the most common and humble finds from the excavation of Roman cities. This paper introduces a chrono-typology for pipes at ancient Ephesus – produced 2013–2014 with the kind support of the Österreichisches Archäologisches Institut (ÖAI) – in order to link the technical characteristics of pipes with larger questions about late antique urban morphology, water distribution, and historical change in one of the most important cities of the Roman empire. 

3:20 Break
3:35 Jose Maria Lopez Bejarano (Anthropology)

Recreating a Myth and Shaping a Sacred Landscape: Inca Ritual Centers along the Pilgrimage Route in the Peninsula of Copacabana, Bolivia

Copacaban
Copacabana

Abstract
According to early Spanish chronicles, the peninsula of Copacabana, located on Lake Titicaca, was an important ritual and administrative center during the Inca period. The sovereign Topa Inca Yupanqui transformed the local landscape with the construction of temples, storehouses, pilgrims' lodgings, shrines, roads, and carvings of the living rock. The purpose of such substantial efforts was to attend to the requirements of the numerous pilgrims that visited the region on their way to the sacred rock, considered the birthplace of all nations and located on the nearby Island of the Sun. The Incas also displaced the local inhabitants and repopulated the region with a significant number of members of the elite Inca lineages and by bringing people from forty-two different ethnicities as colonists. As a result of these initiatives the Inca effectively materialized their mythical history and transformed the landscape in order to respond to the requirements of growing populations concentrated near the shrines. The purpose of this presentation is to discuss the results of an archaeological survey in the Copacabana Peninsula in order to expose the varied ways in which the Inca modified preexisting shrines, and thus re-altered the landscape of the Copacabana Peninsula, Bolivia.

4:10 Jamie Sanecki (History of Art)

St. Martin and the Beggar at the Cathedral of Lucca: From Episcopal to Civic Symbol

Facade of S. Martino, Lucca c. 1180–1260

Abstract
This presentation focuses on one of the sculptures I explore in my dissertation on the cathedral of S. Martino in Lucca: a life-size, three-dimensional statue of Martin of Tours splitting his cloak to share with a beggar. By examining this work in relation to other sculptural traditions in Italy and medieval Lucca's political and religious dynamics, I trace the sculpture's shifting meaning across the thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries: first, as a symbol of an episcopacy struggling to maintain their influence in the public sphere, and later as a centerpiece of civic ritual that fashioned the image of Lucca's lay government. In this way, this discussion also serves as a snapshot of my project's larger themes, including the changing balance of power between religious and lay leaders in late medieval Italy and art's central role in bolstering both groups' claims of authority.

4:45Professor C. Brian Rose, Kolb Society of Fellows Faculty Coordinator

Introduction of Newly Elected Kolb Junior Fellows